<para> @style Types

Note

Numbered <para> @style Attributes

Some @style attributes include an optional numeric variable, which is represented in this documentation by a hash character (#). In USX the attribute number indicates:

  • A portion of a complete element, or relative weighting of the “pieces” of the elements, such as mt1, mt2, mt3 which are all parts of a major title.
  • The level of division (hierarchy).
  • The level of indentation relative to other like elements, as in poetry (q#) or lists (li#) or outlines (io#).

style = style1 — The unnumbered version of a style attribute may be used when only one level of this paragraph style exists within the project text. Numbers should always be included when more than one level of the paragraph style exists within the project text.


Identification

h

@style:h
Use:Running header text.
Deprecated use of numbered variable syntax (use is strongly discouraged). usx3.0
The variable # in <para style="h#">text...</para> represented distinct components or levels of text required for the running header presentation (e.g. inside, outside, sub-division/section etc.).
Valid In:Book Headers

Formatting Sample - Matthew

_images/usx-para-style_h.jpg

toc1

@style:toc1
Use:Long table of contents text.
Valid In:Book Headers

toc2

@style:toc2
Use:Short table of contents text.
Valid In:Book Headers

toc3

@style:toc3
Use:Book abbreviation.
Valid In:Book Headers

Note

About toc1, toc2, toc3

The metadata.xml file within a DBL text release bundle contains a bookNames element in which each scripture book is itemized together with child elements for its long, short and abbreviated forms. The bookNames element is the key location where this book naming metadata is contained within the bundle. USX para elements with attributes toc1, toc2, or toc3 are strictly optional data. Their presence in a USX file is valid, but reflects a legacy form of USFM markup in which the USFM files for each book were the key location for this book naming metadata.


toca1

usx3.0

@style:toc1
Added:3.0
Use:Alternative language long table of contents text.
Used to specify an alternate set of table of contents texts (for example, in a language of wider communication). Also with toca2 and toca3.
Valid In:Book Headers

toca2

usx3.0

@style:toca2
Added:3.0
Use:Alternative language short table of contents text.
Valid In:Book Headers

toca3

usx3.0

@style:toca3
Added:3.0
Use:Alternative language book abbreviation.
Valid In:Book Headers

Introductions

imt#

@style:imt#
Use:Introduction major title.
# denotes the title level or relative weighting.
imt = imt1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Mark (RVE)

_images/usx-para-style_imt.jpg

is#

@style:is#
Use:Introduction section heading.
# denotes the title level or relative weighting.
is = is1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Mark (RVE)

_images/usx-para-style_is.jpg

ip

@style:ip
Use:Introduction paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Matthew (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_ip.jpg

ipi

@style:ipi
Use:Indented introduction paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to the Deuterocanonicals/Apocrypha (GCEV)

_images/usx-para-style_ipi.jpg

im

@style:im
Use:Introduction flush left (margin) paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to the GCEV

_images/usx-para-style_im.jpg

imi

@style:imi
Use:Indented introduction flush left (margin) paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to the GCEV

_images/usx-para-style_imi.jpg

ipq

@style:ipq
Use:Introduction quote from scripture text paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Genesis (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_ipq.jpg

imq

@style:imq
Use:Introduction flush left (margin) quote from scripture text paragraph.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Genesis (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_imq.jpg

ipr

@style:ipr
Use:Introduction right-aligned paragraph.
Typically used for the reference for a quote from the scripture text (imq, ipq)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Genesis (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_ipr.jpg

iq#

@style:iq#
Use:Introduction poetic line.
# represents the level of indent (i.e. iq1, iq2, iq3 etc.)
iq = iq1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Titus (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_iq.jpg

ib

@style:ib
Use:Introduction blank line.
May be used to explicitly indicate additional white space between paragraphs.
Valid In:Book Introduction

ico_See See also ipq, imq examples (above).


ili#

@style:ili#
Use:Introduction list item.
# represents the level of indent
ili = ili1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Mark (Good News Study Bible)

_images/usx-para-style_ili.jpg

iot

@style:iot
Use:Introduction outline title. (see io# below)
Valid In:Book Introduction

io#

@style:io#
Use:Introduction outline entry.
The outline entry typically ends with a range of references in parentheses.
References may be marked with char @style ior.
# represents the outline (indent) level. io = io1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Mark (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_io.jpg

iex

@style:iex
Use:Introduction explanatory or bridge text (e.g. explanation of missing book in a short Old Testament).

ico_Cg Recommended use is is for an explanation of missing book or section in a short Old Testament, or for attribution sentences found at the end of the 14 Pauline Epistles (most often found in hand written texts to identify the author, place of composition but does occur in some printed works).
Valid In:Book Introduction, Chapter Content

Text Sample - After Romans 16 (KJV54 - BFBS)

<verse number="27" style="v" sid="ROM 16:27" /> to God only wise, <char style="add">be</char>
glory through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen.<verse eid="ROM 16:27" />
<para style="iex">Written to the Romans from Corinthus, and sent by Phebe servant of the church
at Cenchrea.</para>

imte

@style:imte#
Use:Introduction major title ending.
Used to mark a major title indicating the end of the introduction.
# represents a portion of the title, with the lesser emphasis (relative weighting) being on the higher numbers.
imte = imte1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Introduction

ie

@style:ie
Use:Introduction end.
Optionally included to explicitly indicate the end of the introduction material.
Valid In:Book Introduction

Titles and Headings

mt#

@style:mt#
Use:Main title.
Key components in the title of a biblical book.
# represents a portion of the title, with the lesser emphasis (relative weighting) being on the higher numbers.
mt = mt1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Book Titles

Formatting Sample - Introduction to Acts (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_mt.jpg

Introduction to John (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_mtAlt.jpg

mte

@style:mte#
Use:Main title at introduction ending.
May be used in texts which repeat the main title at the end of the introduction.
Valid In:Book Introduction

cl

@style:cl
Use:The chapter “label” to be used when the chosen publishing presentation will render chapter divisions as headings (not drop cap numerals).
Valid In:Book Chapter Label, Chapter Content

Note

Usage note: If <para @style=”cl”>Chapter Text</para> is added to the text once before chapter 1 it represents the vernacular text for the term “chapter” to be used throughout the current book. If <para @style=”cl”> is added to the text after each individual <chapter> element, it represents the particular text to be used for the display of the current chapter heading (usually done if numbers are being presented as words, not numerals).

Text and Formatting Samples - Psalm 1 (GNT - markup adapted - general chapter label)

<para style="cl">Psalm</para>
<chapter number="1" style="c" sid="PSA 1" />
<para style="s">True Happiness</para>
<para style="q1">
  <verse number="1" style="v" sid="PSA 1:1" />Happy are those</para>
<para style="q2" vid="PSA 1:1">who reject the advice of evil people,</para>
_images/usx-para-style_cl.jpg

Psalm 1 (GNT - markup adapted - specific chapter label)

<chapter number="1" style="c" sid="PSA 1"/>
<para style="cl">Psalm One</para>
<para style="s">True Happiness</para>
<para style="q1">
  <verse number="1" style="v" sid="PSA 1:1" />Happy are those</para>
<para style="q2" vid="PSA 1:1">who reject the advice of evil people,</para>
_images/usx-para-style_cl-alt.jpg

cd

@style:cd
Use:Chapter description.
A brief description of chapter content (similar to d - descriptive heading, or iex - introduction explanatory or bridge text).
Valid In:Chapter Content

Text and Formatting Sample - Genesis 2 (Russian Synodal, Protestant Version)

<chapter number="2" style="c" sid="GEN 2"/>
<para style="cd">1 Бог благословляет седьмой день; 8 человек в раю Едемском; четыре реки;
  дерево познания добра и зла. 18 Человек дает названия животным. 21 Создание женщины.
<para style="p">
  <verse number="1" style="v" sid="GEN 2:1" />Так совершены небо и земля и все воинство их.
  <verse eid="GEN 2:1" />
</para>
<para style="p">
  <verse number="2" style="v" sid="GEN 2:2" />И совершил Бог к седьмому дню дела Свои, которые
  Он делал, и почил в день седьмой от всех дел Своих, которые делал.<verse eid="GEN 2:2" />
</para>
_images/usx-para-style_cd.jpg

ms#

@style:ms#
Use:Major section heading. A heading added before a broader text division than what is typically considered a “section” division (see s#).
# represents the level of division.
ms = ms1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 1 (Book 1 division) (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_ms.jpg

Daniel 1.1 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_msAlt.jpg

mr

@style:mr
Use:Major section reference range.
The text reference range listed under a major section heading.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 1 (Book 1 division) (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_mr.jpg

s#

@style:s#
Use:Section heading.
The typical (common) section division heading.
# represents the level of division.
s = s1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Proverbs 22.17 (GNT)

s1 example
_images/usx-para-style_s1.jpg

Proverbs 22.22,24 (GNT)
s2 example

_images/usx-para-style_s2.jpg

sr

@style:sr
Use:Section reference range.
The text reference range listed under a section heading.
sr is not equivalent to r which is used for marking parallel references.
See also:mr
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Proverbs 22.17 (GNT - markup adapted)

_images/usx-para-style_sr.jpg

r

@style:r
Use:Parallel passage reference(s).
A reference to a parallel passage usually located under a section heading s#.
See also:char @style rq.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Matthew 3.1 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_r.jpg

d

@style:d
Use:Descriptive title (or “Hebrew subtitle”).
Sometimes used in Psalms under the section title (e.g. “For the director of Music”).
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 3.1 (NRSV)

_images/usx-para-style_d.jpg

sp

@style:sp
Use:Speaker identification (e.g. Job and Song of Songs).
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Job 3.1 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_sp.jpg

sd#

usx3.0

@style:sd#
Added:3.0
Use:Semantic division (semantic space).
Vertical space used to divide the text into sections, in a manner similar to the structure added through the use of a sequence of heading texts (i.e. <para> @style ms# and s#).
The purpose of <para style="sd#"> is distinct from <para> @style b which primarily denotes whitespace (and in particular at poetic stanza breaks) and not hierarchy or division. The variable # represents the level of division being marked.
sd = sd1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Text and Formatting Sample - Matthew 13.51-54 (NIV “Books of the Bible”; chapter and verse numbers suppressed in layout; new sections begin with drop capital)

<para style="m">
  <verse number="51" style="v" sid="MAT 13:51" />“Have you understood all these things?”
  Jesus asked.
</para>
<para style="p" vid="MAT 13:51">“Yes,” they replied.<verse eid="MAT 13:51" /></para>
<para style="p">
  <verse number="52" style="v" sid="MAT 13:52" />He said to them, “Therefore every teacher of
  the law who has been instructed about the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who
  brings out of his storeroom new treasures as well as old.”<verse eid="MAT 13:52" />
</para>
<para style="sd2" />
<para style="p">
  <verse number="53" style="v" sid="MAT 13:53" />When Jesus had finished these parables, he moved
  on from there.<verse eid="MAT 13:53" /> <verse number="54" style="v" sid="MAT 13:54" />Coming
  to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they were amazed. “Where
  did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?” they asked.<verse eid="MAT 13:54" />
</para>
_images/usx-para-style_sd.jpg

Paragraphs

p

@style:p
Use:Normal paragraph.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Mark 1.1-4 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_p.jpg

m

@style:m
Use:Margin paragraph.
Typically used to resume prose at the margin (without indent) after poetry or OT quotation (i.e. a continuation of the previous paragraph).
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Mark 12.37 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_m.jpg

po

usx3.0

@style:po
Added:3.0
Use:Opening of an epistle / letter.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Romans 1.1,7 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_po.jpg

pr

@style:pr
Use:Right-aligned paragraph.
ico_Cg Recommended use: Text refrain.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Deuteronomy 27.15,16,17 (GNT - markup adapted)

_images/usx-para-style_pr.jpg

cls

@style:cls
Use:Closure of an epistle / letter
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Colossians 4.18 (GNT - markup adapated)

_images/usx-para-style_cls.jpg

pmo

@style:pmo
Use:Embedded text opening.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Acts 15.24 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_pmo.jpg

pm

@style:pm
Use:Embedded text paragraph.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Acts 15.24-27,28-29 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_pm.jpg

pmc

@style:pmc
Use:Embedded text closing.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Acts 15.28-29 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_pmc.jpg

pmr

@style:pmr
Use:Embedded text refrain.
Valid In:Chapter Content

pi#

@style:pi#
Use:Indented paragraph.
Used in some texts for discourse sections.
# represents the level of indent.
pi = pi1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
See also:pm
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Matthew 13.37-39 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_pi.jpg

mi

@style:mi
Use:Indented flush left paragraph
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Matthew 11.18-19 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_mi.jpg

pc

@style:pc
Use:Centered paragraph

ico_Cg Recommended use: Inscriptions
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Revelation 17.5 (CEV)

_images/usx-para-style_pc.jpg

ph#

@style:ph#
Use:Indented paragraph with hanging indent.
# represents the level of indent
ph = ph1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)

ico_W Use is strongly discouraged.
ico_Cg Recommended alternate is li#
Valid In:Chapter Content

@style:lit
Use:Liturgical note/comment. (e.g. a guide which tells the reader/worshiper that he/she should recite a prayer or recitation etc.)
In the formatting example image (below) the word Слава = “Glory”
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 3 (Russian Synodal, Orthodox Version)

_images/usx-para-style_lit.jpg

Poetry

q#

@style:q#
Use:Poetic line.
# represents the level of indent (i.e. q1, q2, q3 etc.). q = q1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Habakkuk 3.1-2 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_q1.jpg


_images/usx-para-style_q2.jpg

qr

@style:qr
Use:Right-aligned poetic line.
ico_Cg Common use: Poetic refrain
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 136.1-3 (CEV - markup adapated)

_images/usx-para-style_qr.jpg

qc

@style:qc
Use:Centered poetic line.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 72.19 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_qc.jpg
@style:qs
See:char @style qs

qa

@style:qa
Use:Acrostic heading.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 119 (NIV)

_images/usx-para-style_qa.jpg
@style:qac
See:char @style qac

qm#

@style:qm#
Use:Embedded text poetic line.
# represents the level of indent (i.e. qm1, qm2, etc.).
qm = qm1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - 1 Chronicles 12.18 (GNT - markup adapted)

_images/usx-para-style_qm.jpg

qd

usx3.0

@style:qd
Added:3.0
Use:Hebrew note.
A Hebrew musical performance comment similar in content to many of the Hebrew Psalm titles (@style d), but placed at the end of the poetic section.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Habakkuk 3:19 (NIV)

_images/usx-para-style_qd.jpg

b

@style:b
Use:Blank line.
May be used to explicitly indicate additional white space between paragraphs.

ico_W A para element with b style type should always be empty.
b should not be used before or after titles to indicate white-space.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Psalm 3 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_b.jpg

Habakkuk 3.1 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_bAlt.jpg

Lists

lh

usx3.0

@style:lh
Added:3.0
Use:List header.
Some lists include an introductory and concluding remark (lf). They are an integral part of the list content, but are not list items. A list does not require either or both of these elements.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - 1 Chronicles 27:16-22 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_lh.jpg

li#

@style:li#
Use:List entry.
An out-dented paragraph meant to highlight the items of a list.
# represents the level of indent
li = li1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Numbers 7.84-88 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_li.jpg

lf

usx3.0

@style:lf
Added:3.0
Use:List footer.
Some lists include an introductory (lh) and concluding remark. They are an integral part of the list content, but are not list items. A list does not require either or both of these elements.
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - 1 Chronicles 27:16-22 (GNT)

_images/usx-para-style_lf.jpg

lim#

usx3.0

@style:lim#
Added:3.0
Use:Embedded list entry.
An out-dented paragraph meant to highlight the items of an embedded list.
# represents the level of indent
lim = lim1 (see notes on numbered @style attributes)
ico_See See also li
Valid In:Chapter Content

Formatting Sample - Nehemiah 7.4-25 (NIV)

_images/usx-para-style_lim.jpg

litl

Use:List entry total
A <char> @style type. ico_See See <char> @style litl

Structured List Entries

ico_See See <char> @style types for structured lists entries.