Titles, Headings, and Labels

\mt#

Syntax:\mt#_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Major title.
The key components in the title of a biblical book.
The variable # represents a portion of the title, with the lesser emphasis (relative weighting) being on the higher numbers.
\mt = \mt1 (see syntax notes on numbered markers)

Text and Formatting Samples - Introduction to Acts (GNT)

\h Acts
\toc1 The Acts of the Apostles
\toc2 Acts
\mt1 THE ACTS
\mt2 of the Apostles
\is Introduction
\ip \bk The Acts of the Apostles\bk* is a continuation of \bk The Gospel according to Luke\bk*.
../_images/usfm-paragraph_mt.jpg

Introduction to John (GNT)

\h John
\toc1 The Gospel according to John
\toc2 John
\mt2 The Gospel
\mt3 according to
\mt1 JOHN
\is Introduction
../_images/usfm-paragraph_mt.jpg

\mte#

Syntax:\mte#_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Major title at ending.
May be used in texts which repeat the main title at the end of the introduction, or to mark a major title indicating the end of the introduction.
The content is not typically identical to \mt#.
Th variable # represents a portion of the title, with the lesser emphasis (relative weighting) being on the higher numbers.
\mte = \mte1 (see syntax notes on numbered markers)

Text and Formatting Sample - John

\mte2 The End of the Gospel according to
\mte1 John

\ms#

Syntax:\ms#_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Major section heading.
These are headings before larger text divisions than what is typically considered a “section” division (see \s#).
The variable # represents the level of division.
\ms = \ms1 (see syntax notes on numbered markers)

Text and Formatting Samples - Psalm 1 (Book 1 division) (GNT)

\c 1
\ms BOOK ONE
\mr (Psalms 1–41)
\s True Happiness
\q1
\v 1 Happy are those
\q2 who reject the advice of evil people,
../_images/usfm-paragraph_ms.jpg

Daniel 1.1 (GNT)

\c 1
\ms THE STORY OF DANIEL AND HIS FRIENDS
\mr (1.1—6.28)
\s The Young Men at Nebuchadnezzar's Court
\p
\v 1 In the third year that Jehoiakim was king of Judah, King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia
attacked Jerusalem and surrounded the city.
../_images/usfm-paragraph_ms-alt.jpg

\mr

Syntax:\mr_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Major section reference range.
The text reference range listed under a major section heading.

Text and Formatting Sample - Psalm 1 (Book 1 division) (GNT)

\c 1
\ms BOOK ONE
\mr (Psalms 1–41)
\s True Happiness
\q1
\v 1 Happy are those
\q2 who reject the advice of evil people,
../_images/usfm-paragraph_mr.jpg

\s#

Syntax:\s#_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Section heading.
The typical (common) section division heading.
The variable # represents the level of division.
\s = \s1 (see syntax notes on numbered markers)

Text and Formatting Samples - Proverbs 22.17 (GNT)

\s1 The Thirty Wise Sayings
\p
\v 17 Listen, and I will teach you what the wise have said. Study their teachings,
\v 18 and you will be glad if you remember them and can quote them.
\v 19 I want you to put your trust in the \nd Lord\nd*; that is why I am going to tell
them to you now.
\v 20 I have written down thirty sayings for you. They contain knowledge and good advice,
\v 21 and will teach you what the truth really is. Then when you are sent to find it
out, you will bring back the right answer.
\s2 -1-
\p
\v 22 Don't take advantage of the poor just because you can; don't take advantage of
those who stand helpless in court.
../_images/usfm-paragraph_s1.jpg

Proverbs 22.22,24 (GNT)

\v 21 and will teach you what the truth really is. Then when you are sent to find it out,
you will bring back the right answer.
\s2 -1-
\p
\v 22 Don't take advantage of the poor just because you can; don't take advantage of
those who stand helpless in court.
\v 23 The \nd Lord\nd* will argue their case for them and threaten the life of anyone
who threatens theirs.
\s2 -2-
\p
\v 24 Don't make friends with people who have hot, violent tempers.
\v 25 You might learn their habits and not be able to change.
../_images/usfm-paragraph_s2.jpg

\sr

Syntax:\sr_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:2.0
Use:Section reference range.
The text reference range listed under a section heading.
\sr is not equivalent to \r which is used for marking parallel references.
ico_See See also \mr

Text and Formatting Sample - Proverbs 22.17 (GNT - markup adapted)

\s1 The Thirty Wise Sayings
\sr (22.17--24.22)
\p
\v 17 Listen, and I will teach you what the wise have said. Study their teachings, ...
../_images/usfm-paragraph_sr.jpg

\r

Syntax:\r_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Parallel passage reference(s).
A reference to a parallel passage usually located under a section heading \s#.

Text and Formatting Sample - Matthew 3.1 (GNT)

\c 3
\s1 The Preaching of John the Baptist
\r (Mark 1.1-8; Luke 3.1-18; John 1.19-28)
\p
\v 1 At that time John the Baptist came to the desert of Judea and started preaching.
\v 2 “Turn away from your sins,” he said, ...
../_images/usfm-paragraph_r.jpg

\rq ...\rq*

Syntax:\rq ...\rq*
Type:character
Added:1.0
Use:Inline quotation reference(s).
A reference indicating the source text for the preceding quotation (usually an Old Testament quote).

Note

\rq ...\rq* reference(s) are intended to be formatted (typeset) within the scripture body text column, and not extracted from the text as are regular cross references (\x ...\x*). They are also typically separated from the main text of Scripture using a different type style and alignment.

Text and Formatting Sample - Hebrews 1.5 (GNT)

\p
\v 4 The Son was made greater than the angels, just as the name that God gave him is greater
than theirs.
\v 5 For God never said to any of his angels,
\q1 "You are my Son;
\q2 today I have become your Father."
\rq Psa 2.7\rq*
\b
\m Nor did God say about any angel,
\q1 "I will be his Father,
\q2 and he will be my Son."
\rq 2Sa 7.14; 1Ch 17.13\rq*
../_images/usfm-character_rq.jpg

\d

Syntax:\d_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Descriptive title (or “Hebrew subtitle”).
Sometimes used in Psalms under the section heading (e.g. “For the director of Music”).

Text and Formatting Sample - Psalm 3.1 (NRSV)

\c 3
\s1 Trust in God under Adversity
\d A Psalm of David, when he fled from his son Absalom.
\q1
\v 1 O \nd Lord\nd*, how many are my foes!
\q2 Many are rising against me;
\q1
\v 2 many are saying to me,
\q2 “There is no help for you in God.” \qs Selah\qs*
../_images/usfm-paragraph_d.jpg

\sp

Syntax:\sp_text...
Type:paragraph
Added:1.0
Use:Speaker Identification (e.g. Job and Song of Songs).

Text and Formatting Sample - Job 3.1 (GNT)

\c 3
\s1 Job's Complaint to God
\p
\v 1 Finally Job broke the silence and cursed the day on which he had been born.
\sp Job
\q1
\v 2-3 O God, put a curse on the day I was born;
\q2 put a curse on the night when I was conceived!
../_images/usfm-paragraph_sp.jpg

\sd#

usfm3.0

Syntax:\sd#
Type:paragraph
Added:3.0
Use:Semantic division (semantic space).
Vertical space used to divide the text into sections, in a manner similar to the structure added through the use of a sequence of heading texts (i.e. \ms# and \s#).
The purpose of \sd# is distinct from \b which primarily denotes whitespace (and in particular at poetic stanza breaks) and not hierarchy or division. The variable # represents the level of division being marked.
\sd = \sd1 (see syntax notes on numbered markers)

Text and Formatting Sample - Matthew 13.51-54 (NIV “Books of the Bible”; chapter and verse numbers suppressed in layout; new sections begin with drop capital)

\m
\v 51 “Have you understood all these things?” Jesus asked.
\p “Yes,” they replied.
\p
\v 52 He said to them, “Therefore every teacher of the law who has been instructed about
the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new
treasures as well as old.”
\sd2
\p
\v 53 When Jesus had finished these parables, he moved on from there.
\v 54 Coming to his hometown, he began teaching the people in their synagogue, and they
were amazed. “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?” they asked.
../_images/usfm-paragraph_sd.jpg